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Waktu Shalat Dzuhur Bagi yang Tidak Melaksanakan Shalat Jumat

moslemjourney.com – Sebagai seorang pemeluk agama Islam, pada hari Jumat di fardhu ‘ain untuk menghadiri dan beribadah shalat Jumat di Masjid. Tidaklah wajib melaksanakan shalat jumat di Masjid bagi mereka yang tidak memenuhi syarat, diantaranya adalah budak yang dimiliki, wanita, anak kecil, orang sakit, dan musafir.

Seperti yang dijelaskan dari Thoriq bin Syihab, dari Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, beliau bersabda,

الْجُمُعَةُ حَقٌّ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ فِى جَمَاعَةٍ إِلاَّ أَرْبَعَةً عَبْدٌ مَمْلُوكٌ أَوِ امْرَأَةٌ أَوْ صَبِىٌّ أَوْ مَرِيضٌ

Shalat Jum’at itu wajib bagi setiap muslim secara berjama’ah selain empat orang: budak, wanita, anak kecil, dan orang sakit” (HR. Abu Daud no. 1067)

Waktu Shalat Dzuhur Untuk Kaum Muslim Yang Tidak Wajib Melaksanakan Shalat Jumat Berjamaah 

Meskipun perempuan, anak kecil, orang sakit dan musafir tidak wajib melaksanakan shalat Jumat di Masjid, bagi mereka tetap wajib melaksanakan sholat dzuhur seperti biasa. Untuk menegetahui awal waktu melaksanakan shalat dzuhur, kalian dapat melihat tinggi bayangan sinar matahari.

Seperti yang dijelaskan Al Qodhi Abu Syuja’ dalam matannya, “Awal waktunya adalah saat waktu zawal (matahari tergelincir ke barat). Akhir waktunya adalah saat tinggi bayangan bertambah sama dengan tinggi bendanya (dan tidak termasuk panjang bayangan saat zawal).”

Awal waktu shalat Dzuhur adalah waktu zawal, yaitu saat matahari bergeser ke barat. Waktu zawal ini adalah saat matahari condong dari pertengahan langit ke arah barat (Lihat Al Iqna’, 1: 196). Seperti yang dijelaskan dalam hadits ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ إِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَ ظِلُّ الرَّجُلِ كَطُولِهِ مَا لَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ

Waktu Dzuhur dimulai saat matahari tergelincir ke barat (waktu zawal) hingga bayangan seseorang sama dengan tingginya dan selama belum masuk waktu ‘Ashar.” (HR. Muslim no. 612).

Kalau dilihat dari praktek Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam beliau melaksanakan shalat dzuhur setelah matahari tergelincir ke barat. Seperti yang dijelaskan hadits Jabir bin Samuroh, beliau berkata,

كَانَ النَّبِىُّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يُصَلِّى الظُّهْرَ إِذَا دَحَضَتِ الشَّمْسُ

Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam pernah shalat Dzuhur ketika matahari telah tergelincir ke barat (waktu zawal).” (HR. Muslim no. 618).

 

Kesimpulan

Kesimpulan dari penjelasan singkat di atas, seorang yang tidak waijb shalat jumat berjamaah di masjid (perempuan, anak kecil, orang sakit dan musafir) diperbolehkan untuk melaksanakan shalat dzuhur saat hari jumat di rumah. Namun bukan seperti jamaah muslim melaksanakan shalat Jumat di Masjid, tapi melaksanakan shalat dzuhur empat rakaat seperti biasa.

Bagi mereka yang tidak wajib shalat jumat berjamaah di masjid juga bisa melaksanakan shalat zhuhur tersebut sejak masuk waktu zhuhur dan tidak perlu menunggu para jemaah muslim selesai menunaikan shalat Jumat.

Semoga informasi seputar waktu shalat zhuhur untuk para muslimah bisa menjadi informasi yang berguna. Jangan lupa untuk tetap menjaga shalat 5 waktu bagi kalian muslimah dan jangan lupa untuk mengikuti moslemjourney.com untuk mendapatkan informasi seputar journey dalam Islam dan safar (traveling).

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