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Tenyata Ini Penemu Garbarata atau Tangga Belalai

foto: goodnewsfromindonesia.id

Moslemjourney.com – Sobat Mojou yang sudah pernah naik pesawat, tentu tidak asing dengan tangga belalai atau yang biasa disebut dengan garbarata. Tangga tersebut berfungsi untuk menghubungkan bandara dengan pintu masuk pesawat,  sehingga memudahkan mobilitas para penumpang pesawat untuk keluar masuk pesawat tanpa turun ke landasan.

Tapi tahukah Sobat Mojou, siapa pencipta garbarata pertama kali? garbarata pesawat pertama kali diciptakan oleh seorang insinyur penerbangan bernama Frank Der Yuen yang tinggal di Honolulu, Hawaii. Frank merupakan lulusan dari Massachusetts Institute of Technology pada tahun 1933. Garbarata pertama kali digunakan pada tanggal 26 Juli 1959 di Bandara Internasional San Fransisco, Amerika Serikat.

Dalam bahasa asing garbarata biasa disebut dengan Airbridge (Aircraft Passenger Boarding Bridge). Penamaan garbarata di Indonesia sendiri diperkirakan diambil dari Bahasa Sanskerta yaitu kata garba dan ratha. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, garba berarti rahim sedangkan ratha berarti kereta.

Selain Bahasa Sanskerta, kata garbarata juga diperkirakan berasal dari Bahasa Kawi. Sementara itu, pada Bahasa Jawa kata garba juga berarti menggandeng atau menyambung. Kata garbarata telah disebutkan pada buku Pengindonesiaan Kata dan Ungkapan Asing yang diterbitkan pada tahun 2003 oleh Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Sebelum diciptakan Airbridge, sebenarnya telah ada tangga serupa yang juga banyak digunakan yaitu landing stair. Tapi, Airbridge dianggap lebih baik daripada landing stair karena pengoperasian Airbridge lebih canggih. Sebab Airbridge menggunakan sistem elektronik berupa komputer untuk mengontrol pengoperasiannya.

Berbicara mengenai garbarata, Sobat Mojou tahu tidak kalau ternyata negara yang memproduksi garbarata pertama kali adalah Indonesia, lho. Garbarata diproduksi oleh PT Bukaka Teknik Utama pada tahun 1989. Saat ini, garbarata produksi PT Bukaka Teknik sudah banyak digunakan di bandara-bandara ternama di dunia seperti Jepang, Hong Kong, Thailand, Singapura, Malaysia dan sudah tembus pasar ekspor ke 13 negara di seluruh dunia.

Hingga saat ini, Bukaka telah menguasai 40% pasar Asia dan menjadi satu-satunya perusahaan yang memproduksi garbarata di Indonesia karena penggunaan komponen yang berkualitas serta dibuat oleh para tenaga yang terampil. Soal harga, ternyata satu unit garbarata di banderol seharga Rp 5-8 miliar. Harga tersebut tergantung pada jenis, ukuran dan juga tipe garbarata.

Nah, tidak disangka ya Sobat Mojou, ternyata PT Bukaka Teknik Utama dari Indonesia adalah yang memproduksi garbarata pertama kali. Tentunya sebagai orang Indonesia harus bangga, dong. Kalau begitu, terimakasih sudah membaca artikel ini dan nantikan artikel seputar dunia traveling selanjutnya, yaa.

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