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Ragam Suku di China Ternyata Banyak Teman Muslim

Moslem Journey – Menjadi minoritas seringkali menjadi momok yang menakutkan, takut dibully, dijahati, disekap, dijual pokoknya dipenuh pikiran negatif. Apalagi saat travelling ke luar negeri, tak jarang kita dilingkupi rasa was-was. Takut terjadi perang, Wah ada yang berpikiran sampai begitukah Sobat Mojou?

Saat kamu travelling di China, kamu pasti beranggapan bahwa muslim di sana hanya terdapat satu kelompok/suku. Padahal kalau dilihat dari letak geografis dan sejarahnya, China merupakan negara yang lokasinya berdekatan dengan negara-negara Islam. Pada peradaban kuno, Islam pernah disebarkan di China. Baca (Biar Nggak Repot Cari yang Halal di China, Ke Sini Aja)

China merupakan negara yang memiliki banyak etnis/suku, diperkirakan sekitar 56 suku. Wah, banyak banget ya. Pasti diantara mereka ada suku-suku muslim. Moslem Journey akan menguraikan siapa saja suku muslim yang ada di China. Berikut dibawah ini:

Ragam Suku Muslim di China

1.Suku Hui

Suku Hui merupakan suku muslim pertama terbesar di China, jumlah penduduknya sekitar 10 juta atau 45 persen dari penduduk muslim di China. Mereka tinggal di daerah Ningxia, Gansu, Shaanxi, dan Xianjiang. Cara mereka berpakaian, laki-laki menggunakan kopiah putih sedangkan perempuan berkerudung. Mereka membuka usaha makanan warung, karena bahan pokok makanan yang dihasilkan didapat dari ladang mereka masing-masing. Mayoritas mata pencaharian mereka adalah petani.

2. Suku Uyghur

Suku Uyghur merupakan suku terbesar ke dua di China. Mereka tinggal di daerah otonomi di Xinjiang yang letaknya di ujung barat Laut China. Suku ini terkenal dengan olahan emas, batu, sitera dan barang-barang kulit.

3. Suku Kazakh

Suku ini merupakan suku Turki bagian Asia Tengah yang tidak begitu mahir berbahasa Mandarin. Dahulu mereka hidup secara nomaden dan mulai menetap pada tahun 1949. Mata pencaharian mereka bertani, berdagang dan berternak. Populasi Muslim Kazakh sekitar 1,5 juta jiwa.

4. Suku Dongxiang

Tinggal di wilayah provinsi Gansu, Daerah otonomi Xinjiang Uyghur, Provinsi Qinhai dan daerang otonomi Ningxia Hui. Termasuk ke dalam suku minoritas, karena jumlah penduduknya hanya sekitar 500 an ribu. Berbeda dengan suku Kazakh, sebagian besar penduduknya bisa berbicara bahasa Mandarin dan selebihnya menggunakan bahasa Mongolia. Mereka masih memiliki hubungan darah dengan Mongolia. Tak heran, bahasa Dongxiang mirip dengan Mongolia. Mata pencaharian mereka bertani, seperti menanam kacang-kacangan, kentang, jagung dan sebagainya.

5. Suku Kyrgyz

Suku yang berasal dari Turki ini lebih kecil dibanding Dongxiang. Jumlah penduduknya hanya terdapat 150 ribu jiwa. Mereka tinggal di daerah otonomi Uyghur Xianjiang.

6. Suku Salar

Tinggal di Qinghai, Gansu, dan provinsi Xinjiang. Mereka dapat berbicara bahasa mandarin dan Tibet serta dapat menggunakan aksara China. Wanita suku Salar gemar memakai kerudung hitam sebagai penutup kepala sama halnya dengan suku Hui.

Demikian ulasan ragam suku muslim yang tersebar di wilayah China. Saat kamu travelling ke China, jangan lupa untuk mengunjungi suku-suku tersebut. Jangan khawatir, kamu nggak akan sendirian dan akan mendapatkan teman. Semoga bermanfaat.(cm)



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