HistoryTahukah Kamu

Ini Dia Sosok Penemu Nama Indonesia

Moslemjourney.com – Sobat Mojou tahu nggak siapa penemu nama Indonesia? Indonesia adalah negara di Asia Tenggara yang dilintasi garis khatulistiwa dan berada di antara daratan benua Asia dan Australia, serta antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Hindia. Indonesia adalah negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia yang terdiri dari 17.504 pulau.

Tahun 1847 terbit majalah, Journal of the indian Archipelago and eastern asia (JIAEA, BI: “Jurnal Kepulauan Hindia dan Asia Timur”), yang dikelola oleh James Richardson Logan dan George Samuel Windsor. Dalam artikel yang diterbitkan JIAEA volume IV tahun 1850 halaman 66-74, artikel tersebut Earl menegaskan bahwa penduduk kepulauan hindia dan kepulauan melayu harus memiliki nama khas agar tidak rancu. Earl mengajukan dua pilihan nama: Indunesia atau Malayunesia

Earl memilih nama Malayunesia, karena lebih tepat untuk ras melayu, sedangkan Indunesia cangkupannya lebih luas seperti digunakan untuk Ceylon (Srinlanka) dan Maldives (kepulauan Maladewa). pada terbitan JIAEA volume IV, Logan lebih memilih Indunesia sebab lebih bersinonim, dengan istilah Indian Archipelago (Kepulauan Hindia) seiring berjalan waktu huruf “u” diganti dengan huruf “o” agar ucapannya lebih baik. sehingga lahirlah nama “Indonesia”.

Setelah tulisan pertamanya tentang Indonesia tercetak pada halaman 254 di JIAEA, Logan konsisten menggunakan nama “Indonesia” dalam tulisan-tulisan ilmiah lainnya. Seiring berjalannya waktu istilah tersebut tersebar di kalangan ilmuwan geografi dan etnologi. 

Baca juga: 5 Pulau Terbesar di Indonesia, Jawa Paling Padat

Guru besar etnologi di Universitas Berlin, Adolf Bastian sempat dianggap sebagai penemu nama Indonesia oleh kalangan sarjana Belanda. Hal itu terjadi sebab Bastian berhasil menerbitkan buku dengan judul Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayschen Archipel (Indonesia atau pulau-pulau di Kepulauan Melayu) sebanyak lima volume, memuat hasil penelitian ketika mengembara di kepulauan itu pada tahun 1864 sampai 1880. Hal itu ditepis dengan fakta yang tercantum dalam Encyclopdie Van Nederlandsch-Indie tahun 1918, bahwa Bastian mengambil istilah Indonesia dari tulisan-tulisan Logan.

Sedangkan di kalangan pribumi, Ki Hajar Dewantara menjadi orang pertama yang menggunakan istilah Indonesia. Pada saat tahun 1913 beliau mendirikan sebuah biro pers bernama Indonesische (pelafalan dalam belanda) Persbureau. Hingga Kongres Pemuda II 28 Oktober 1928 dalam naskah Sumpah Pemuda telah menggunakan nama Indonesia, dilanjutkan dengan peristiwa proklamasi penggunaan nama “Indonesia” telah ditetapkan.(cm)

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