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Alasan Presiden Jokowi Memindahkan Ibu Kota Negara Indonesia Dari Jakarta

Moslemjourney.com – Presiden Joko Widodo (Jokowi) beberapa waktu yang lalu baru saja mengumumkan lokasi tetap perpindahan ibu kota negara Indonesia. Pengumuman ini disampaikan Presiden Jokowi pada Senin (26/8) di Istana Kepresidenan, Jakarta.

Menurut Menteri Pembangunan Nasional atau Kepala Badan Pembangunan Nasional (PPN/Bappenas) dalam acara Youth Talks di Jakarta (20/8), alasan kenapa ibu kota negara Indonesia harus pindah dari Jakarta, karena memiliki beberapa alasan.

Alasannya karena DKI Jakarta memiliki pertumbuhan urbanisasi yang sangat tinggi dan berada di posisi ke 9 kota terpadat di dunia. Jalan-jalan kota DKI Jakarta juga di penuhi oleh kendaraan bermotor, sehingga waktu yang diperlukan dalam satu kali perjalanan bisa mencapai 2-3 jam. Menurut World Bank 2017, kerugian ekonomi akibat kepadatan jalan ini mencapai 65 triliun.

Pencemaran udara dan air sungai di DKI Jakarta juga sudah mencapai di ambang batas. Karena kualitas udara kota DKI Jakarta sudah mencapai ranking satu pencemaran udara terburuk di dunia berdasarkan Air Quality Index Value (Data AirVisual, Agustus 2019). Sedangkan kualitas air sungai di DKI Jakarta sudah mencemar berat sebesar 96 persen.

Baca juga: Alasan dan Keunggulan Kalimantan Timur, Ibu Kota Negara Baru Indonesia

Potensi bencana gempa juga menjadi ancaman yang akan terjadi di DKI Jakarta. Karena DKI Jakarta berada di jalur perlintasan aktivitas Gunung Api (Gunung Krakatau dan Gunung Gede). Selain itu, potensi gempa tsunami megathrust selatan Jawa Barat dan Selat Sunda juga membanyangi DKI Jakarta.

Maka, perpindahan Ibu Kota Negara Indonesia dilakukan luar Jawa. Karena sekitar 57 persen penduduk Indonesia terkonsentrasi di pulau Jawa dari jumlah total jumlah penduduk Indonesia. Sedangkan jumlah rendah berada di daerah-daerah lain di luar pulau Jawa.

Kontribusi ekonomi pulau Jawa pada Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) nasional memiliki indek sebesar 58.49 persen. Pulau Jawa juga mengalami kritis ketersedian air, khsusnya di DKI Jakarta dan Jawa Timur. Serta konversi lahan atau perubahan fungsi Kawasan lahan terbesar terjadi di pulau Jawa. (IF)

Baca juga: Kunjungan Kerja Ke Pekanbaru, MENPAR Anggap Serius Pemerintah Riau Kembangkan Pariwisata

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